Demand patterns are normally a key factor in determining agri commodity prices. Normally, demand for agri commodities tend to be more spread out. While demand tends to move prices in the short term, it is supply that tends to impact prices of agri commodities in the long term.

Supply patterns are an important factor in determining prices of agri commodities. Most commodities tend to have concentrated supply patterns. For example supply of mentha and castor is largely dominated by India. On the other hand, palm oil is largely dominated by suppliers from Indonesia and Malaysia. Agri commoditise like cotton have a more widespread supply and demand structure.